Tuesday, February 25, 2014
Homestead Tips on Tuesday: Basic First Aid
Cuts - These are going to happen, be it in the kitchen or on a DIY project, sooner or later you will bleed. STOP the bleeding. LOL Yeah, I know that was a hard one right? Minor cuts will stop bleeding on their own. But for injuries that don’t stop on their own, apply pressure to the wound with a cloth. We use the feminine pads as they are very absorbent. Keep pressure on the wound, don’t keep checking it to see if it has stopped. Elevate the wound and wait 20 or so minutes. You need to give your body time to form a clot that will stop the bleeding.
Now if it is a simple cut with no or easily flushed out debris in it, once the bleeding has stopped, clean the wound, apply an antibiotic and cover with a bandage. Now if it will not stop bleeding or there is debris you can not get out in the wound you will need to go see your doctor and likely need stitches (I don’t sew people!) Make sure you change your bandage daily or sooner if it gets dirty and wet.
Heat issues - Heat exhaustion often begins suddenly. Some signs include feeling dizzy, nauseas, sweating, pale cool skin, headache, fatigue, and dark pee. You should get to the shade or better yet air conditioning and lay down with your legs up. Drink cool water. Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate.
Heat stroke is the next level of heat issues. And yes, I have had this and it sucks! Some signs include rapid heartbeat, breathing issues, confusion, dizzy, nausea, fainting. Get the person to air conditioning pronto!!! Drink water, lots of it and seek medical attention. I did not and I so should have. We were on vacation and I didn’t want to spoil the fun so I had a very crappy night in the hotel room as to not spoil the fun. Yeah, I spoiled the fun. LOL
Broken bones - Stop any bleeding by applying pressure. If it is a bad break, call 911. If you do decide to transport the person in your car, make sure to immobilize the area. Your not going to try to set the bone. If you don’t know how to splint, don’t, just make it so the break is not bouncing around on the drive. An ice pace will help with swelling and pain. Do not put the ice directly on the skin, wrap it in a towel. If the person starts to go into shock, get their legs up over their head.
A word of advice: Get a tetanus shot. You should have one every 10 years. If your injury is dirty and/or deep, go get a booster if your tetanus was over 5 years ago. Better to be safe. I am not saying homesteading is dirty and dangerous, but better safe then sorry in my book!! Also, you should take a CPR class. I hope you never need it but you are more likely to use it on family then strangers. My neighbor has to be certified for her job on a delivery floor at a hospital. Who did she end up saving? Her own daughter who was choking on food! CPR standards change so don't assume you know it if it has been a while since your last class.
**Homestead Tips on Tuesday is a weekly series where we help you learn skills, tips, and trick to help you on your journey of homesteading. Many places post list of things you should/could do as far as homesteading skill, but I feel lists are at times overwhelming and can make people give up before they even start. So every Tuesday I share one thing for you to try or consider. I hope you join us every Tuesday and I would love to hear about your adventures with each weeks topic.**